Week 6 quiz
1 A 14-year-old male is
experiencing an asthma exacerbation. When reviewing the lab results, which of
the following cells in the submucosa promote this inflammatory response and
will be elevated?
2 A 2-week-old female presents
with fever, cough, respiratory distress, and empyema. Which of the following is
the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
3 When the nurse is asked what
causes asthma, how should the nurse respond? Asthma is thought to be caused by:
4 A 57-year-old male presents
with cough, sputum production, dyspnea, and decreased lung volume. He is
diagnosed with pneumoconiosis. When taking the patient’s history, which finding
is the most probable cause of his illness?
5 Which patient would the nurse
assess for paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)? A patient with:
6 A 53-year-old male with a
20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When a staff member
asks why the patient’s airways are obstructed, how should the nurse respond?
The airways are obstructed because of:
7 A 10-year-old male is brought
to the ER with prolonged bronchospasm and severe hypoxemia. The most likely
diagnosis on the chart is:
8 When the nurse observes a diagnosis
of nosocomial pneumonia, the patient generally acquires this pneumonia:
9 A 50-year-old male with a
30-year history of smoking was diagnosed with lung cancer. He was previously
exposed to air pollution, asbestos, and radiation at his job. Which of the
following should the nurse realize had the greatest impact on the development
of his cancer
10 Which of the following shows a correct
cause and effect sequence in the development of acute respiratory distress
11 A nurse is teaching staff about
pulmonary edema. Which information should the nurse include? The most common
cause of pulmonary edema is:
12 A 42-year-old male was involved
in a motor vehicle accident during which he suffered a severe head injury. He
died shortly after the accident from loss of respiration. The nurse suspects
the area of the brain most likely involved is the:
13 A geneticist is discussing
cystic fibrosis (CF). Which information should be included? CF is an _____
14 A nurse is preparing to teach
the staff about asthma. Which information should the nurse include? Airway
obstruction contributing to increased airflow resistance and hypoventilation in
asthma is caused by:
15 A 28-year-old male reports to
his primary care provider that he has had a cold for a week and is coughing up
bloody secretions. When giving report, what term should the nurse use to
describe this condition?
16 A 6-month-old female presents
with rhinorrhea, cough, poor feeding, lethargy, and fever. She is diagnosed
with bronchiolitis. Which of the following will the nurse most likely observe
on the culture report?
17 A 20-year-old male is in acute
pain. An arterial blood gas reveals decreased carbon dioxide (CO2) levels.
Which of the following does the nurse suspect is the most likely caus
18 A 10-year-old female develops
pneumonia. Physical exam reveals subcostal and intercostal retractions. She
reports that breathing is difficult and she feels she cannot get enough air.
What term should the nurse use to document this condition?
19 A 30-year-old male is involved
in a motor vehicle accident and sustains trauma to the lungs and chest wall. He
experiences respiratory failure. Which of the following lab values would the
20 When the pulmonologist discusses
the condition in which a series of alveoli in the left lower lobe receive
adequate ventilation but do not have adequate perfusion, which statement
indicates the nurse understands this condition? When this occurs in a patient
it is called:
21 If an individual with
respiratory difficulty were retaining too much carbon dioxide, which of the
following compensatory responses would the nurse expect to be initiated
22 A 9-year-old male contracted
influenza. Which of the following complications is of greatest concern to the
23 A 20-year-old male presents to
his primary care provider reporting difficulty breathing when lying down. What
term should the nurse use to document this condition?
24 A 60-year-old female with
emphysema is having difficulty expiring a given volume of air. When giving
report, the nurse will relay that the patient is most likely experiencing _____
25 A 60-year-old female with a
25-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. She has an increased
anterior-posterior chest diameter. The nurse attributes this finding to:
26 An 80-year-old female develops
pneumonia in the hospital. She becomes cyanotic, tachycardic, and develops a
fever and cough. Chest x-ray reveals pus in the pleural space. Which of the
following is the most likely diagnosis documented on the chart?
27 While reviewing lab results, to
help confirm a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in a 1-year-old child which
substance will be present in the child’s sweat?
28 A 25-year-old male presents with
chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. Which of the following is the most
significant concern for the nurse to monitor in this patient?
29 A 65-year-old female with
emphysema presents to the ER for difficulty breathing. Physical exam reveals
bluish skin and mucous membranes. How should the nurse chart this condition?
30 A 25-year-old male presents with
chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. When obtaining the patient’s history,
which of the following findings is most likely to cause this condition?
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